15 Kilometres from Sydney, is what they call ‘dragon territory’. If you jump in, you can see the weedy sea dragons. They are interesting little creatures that float around amongst the seaweed. They are native to Australia and they are related to the sea horse. They can be found in the waters mostly off the east and south coast. They drift around in the water and they blend in with the kelp and seaweed. But, they are becoming harder and harder to find, and not just because of their good hiding skills. They used to be quite common on the north side of Sydney, but now they are not common at all. If you’re lucky, you can see one, but sometimes, you don’t see any. Instead of catching them and tagging them, all of the ones that are found, they are asking the finders to take pictures of them and send them in. They are using special software to look at the special, unique patterns on their bodies. They give them names every time they get a new pattern. Weedy sea dragons are classified as near threatened. But scientists think that this research could provide enough information to get them listed as endangered. They think that climate change is part of the problem. The rising temperatures kill the kelp, and it leaves them homeless.
A few years ago, BTN reported that the Tasmanian Devils were suffering from a life threatening disease. Many zoos have been trying to keep them alive by using a special breeding program, that might save their lives. Tasmanian Devils population has been cut down by more than 80% and they are now an endangered species. People believed that Tassie Devils died out a long time ago, to be precise, about 400 years ago.
Tasmania used to be the only place where you could find Tassie Devils in the wild, but when Europeans settled in, the animals were being hunted because they were eating all the settler’s chickens. Now, Tasmanian Devils are protected by law. But, since the mid 90s, they have been suffering from a very bad disease. It’s called the Facial Devil Tumour Disease, and it’s a special kind of cancer, because it’s contagious. We don’t know what causes it, but it happens when the devils bite and scratch each other. The tumours build up around their face and mouth, and it spreads, till it gets so bad, that the devil can’t eat, then, the devils sadly starve to death. Once they have gotten it, they usually only have 6 months to live. Tasmanian Devil babies are called joeys, and are no bigger than a grain of rice. The mother usually has 30 babies, but because it only has 4 teats, only 4 of the babies make it. So far in the Devil’s breading program, they have breaded more than 50 joeys. But it has been a bit challenging, because for some reason, devils born in captivity don’t get pregnant as easily. The zoo keepers don’t know why, but they are finding out. The goal is to bread a bigger population of Tassie devils, incase the ones in the wild die out. As the disease spreads, we are still finding the cause and the cure to this horrible disease. Otherwise, the ones we see in captivity, will be the last ones we see.
Australia is the second biggest producer of rubbish in the world. Every year, each average Australian throws out almost 700kg of rubbish. Most of the stuff goes to landfill. Some stuff takes years to break down. It’s a big problem, but we can help it. People from *keesap are going to a near by school to show them how much rubbish they throw out each day. Many things that were in there were interesting. A ton of it was fruit that has just been bitten once and chucked, and some of it hadn’t even been touched one bit. They are weighing how much rubbish there is and reducing how much goes to landfill. There are places that rubbish is dumped ALOT. If it was all spread out, it could cover all of Victoria!! In the old days, there was only one bin for all the rubbish, and it all went to landfill, but now we have three separate bins. One for recycling, for the things that can be recycled, there’s a green waste bin, for plants and food scraps that can me made into compost and there is the general waste bin, things that aren’t recyclable and are not plants or food scraps. At the recycling plant they have to sort out the rubbish, some with machines, and some by hand. We all need to watch what is filling up our bins.
*I did not know how to spell ‘keesap’
Sadie Parsons threw a bottle into the ocean on the 31 of October 2015. A boy, Tristan, found this bottle on Hunger head beach. But, this hasn’t been the only finding of a message in a bottle before. The bottle that travelled for the longest time travelled for 108 years and washed up on a German beach. Sadie is from America and Tristan is Aussie, so this bottle travelled at least 4,000 ks. Tristan was just having a normal day walking across the beach when he found the bottle. Then, he soon realised that it had a message in it. The bottle was covered in barnacles and they needed a bottle opener to take off the cork. And, if the bottle was found in 2017, this bottle has been floating for 1 and a half years. Eventually, Sadie and Tristan got to talk over the phone, and they soon hope to meet in person. I understand that Tristan and Sadie are very excited to make new friends. Some bottles can take a few months to wash up, and some can take years. It all depends on if the ocean’s rough or smooth, or the amount of storms that happen to that ocean. Imagine finding a bottle that had been floating in the ocean for 1 and a half years. It would be amazing.
The government wants to improve the country’s health. The ads you see on TV are just made to make you hungry. Even know they may look delicious, they also make you obese. If you have this food too often, when you’re older it normally leads to things like heart disease, diabetes and cancer.
3 in 10 Aussie kids are obese or overweight. ACMA has been keeping a close eye on what’s going on the TV. They have not banned the ads, but they say that big food companies should not use popular cartoon characters, movie characters or celebrities in their ads. But, the Health Authorities wants to ban these ads for good, and I agree with that. Some kids say that healthy food should be advertised more than junk food, and others say that it should be late at night so the kids can not see these ads and aren’t so tempted to want to eat that junky food. We might think the ads are over, but they will always keep playing.
When things get flushed down the toilet, they have to go through a treating first. Things like toys, mobile phones and credit cards get flushed down too. How do these things fit through the pipes? Aussies flush billions of litres of water down the toilet, and it always needs to be treated before going back into the environment. Some kids have been taken to the Bolivar Waste Water Treatment Plant.
Not only poo, but people produce about 2.4 million litres of urine a day! 99.99 percent of what goes down the loo is water, the bit that isn’t makes it gross. At the plant, a big tower uses chemicals to get rid of most of the smells. After the poo has dried it gets used as fertiliser. The plant is powered by methane gas. I understand that this is very important.
Ahn Do travelled on a ship from Vietnam to Australia at the age of two. They were at see for 5 days and had 2 pirate attacks. A pirate dangles Anh Do’s brother, Khoa Do over the side of the ship. But, at last minute, spares his life. And if that hadn’t happened, Ahn Do’s brother wouldn’t have become the 2005 Young Australian of the year. A German ship came and was going to save them, but they had to be sinking. So the German captain handed Ahn Do’s dad an axe, and he made a hole in the side of the boat and then they started taking everyone on board. I understand that Anh Do and his family were treated very well when they arrived, because they treated refugees better back then than now. Some nuns from Saint Vinnies came and gave them a huge bag of clothes. Several of Anh Do’s uncles fought in the Vietnam war, so they had to move, because his uncles weren’t on the winning side. One of Anh Do’s uncles was a sapper, who cleared land mines for American and Australian soldiers. Why did Anh Do become a comedian? Did he choose to?
Australia is a unique country, but, back in 1642, a Dutch explorer, Able Tasman came across Tasmania. And if he stayed, we all might be speaking Dutch right now! Australia, which is what we know it as now, was not foundered or claimed since 1770. Captain James Cook claimed a chunk of Australia ‘Great Britain’. They created colonies, and by the 1850’s, there were 6 colonies. But, out of all 6, Great Britain towered over them, it was the boss. They all shared the same continent, and had their own defence forces, trade policies and some even had their own transportation! (as in trains etc)
And, you couldn’t travel by train between Melbourne and Brisbane, because some of the tracks were different widths! I understand that the trains back then were very different to the ones now.
See! Look at the difference.
I understand that Great Britain suddenly felt sorry for the other colonies, and so they joined all together.
But, before that, the colonies with more senators, Victoria and New South Wales didn’t let any of the smaller, poorer colonies have any money, and they really need it. The smaller colonies were worried that the bigger ones would get too much power. Way later, Great Britain let all the smaller colonies go.
Captain Arthur Phillip raising the flag.
Two soldiers steal cloth. They run and get caught, but the thing is, they want to get caught. They think that the life of a convict is a better life than the life of a guard, they think they’d get a better lives if they were convicts. The convicts get a pay that is agreed on. The governer thinks that these 2 should have a much harsher punishment. Instead of getting transported for 7 years, they both had hard labour in chains for 7 years. One of the guards, Sudd, gets very ill and suffers from bloated body parts. He gets taken to the hospital and the chains are removed. 5 days later, Sudd dies in agony. Everyone thinks that the governor is the cause of Sudd’s death, but he says Sudd was already ill. This will keep him on the ropes.
These videos were both about the first fleet arriving at Australia and the aboriginals thinking that the english were evil. Poor people stole to survive, but there were too many people, so they needed ships to move them. So more than 700 people were crammed on the ships, including 17 kids. They were very sick because the places were hot and humid, and all the water had to be rashioned. They were hungry and very thirsty and I felt very sorry for them. That was the 19th. Then,7 days later, they found a good place to stay. Captain Arthur Phillip planted the flag, and it became England’s country.